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Why Middle Class Education only Serves the Elite by Controlling the Poor…

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After blogging several days, and posts, over at Cold,Hard.Fact$ and coming to understand just how manipulative, domineering, dishonest, cruel, arrogant, racist, sexist, and incredibly — we’d call it sociopathic, plus some — a certain sickly young man from 19th century England was, and HOW he went about setting up plans for racial domination — for starters — the planet;  how utterly contrary this is to things we are taught to value, abide by, and respect — like honesty, compassion, truth, and upholding (versus breaking) contracts — the things that our legal system says (at least nominally) it, too, believes we should abide by . . . . it definitely shed light on the questions framed in this blog.

Other than being aghast, shocked, and sickened, there’s also a degree of “aha!” synthesis which makes sense of the insensible topic of — for example, this blog.   Why has the entire country (US Population) enabled the setup of a family court system which transfers wealth from them to grant designed to incentivize conflict, eventually getting some people (including kids, bystanders) at times killed, and still characterizing criminal behavior as “high-conflict custody disputes” requiring mental health treatment.  etc.

This is a Model of how Modern (current) Government works, and has been intended to work for over a century.   The nation of Zimbabwe (formerly “Rhodesia”) wanted to send this man’s bones back.  Yet 32 (USA) scholars a year are still being funded to travel to oxford and learn how to expand the Commonwealth, regardless of their US citizenship (women weren’t allowed til 1975, and there’s been a noticeable rejection of blacks throughout the history of the scholarships, while the wealth that funds them was built on what was stolen from particularly South Africans, and their blood (lots of it), sweat, and tears…..  [The Rhodes Trust and its Administration] (99pp in all).   See bottom of this post for more details

From Chapter Seven, “The Empire Builders,” by Edward Jay Epstein (self-description on blog He’s Cornell, Harvard, taught UCLA MIT; American Investigative Reporter.  Some of his 14? books include 1982 “The Rise and Fall of Diamonds” (hover cursor for abstract re: book)  

By 1890, he controlled more than 95 percent of the world’s diamond production. The next order of business was restoring the balance between world supply and demand. Rhodes believed that the demand for diamonds was determined by the number of “licit relationships,” as he termed engagements, between the sexes each year. By estimating the intended marriages each year in the United States, which was then the main market for diamonds, Rhodes believed it was possible to project the market for diamonds each year. In accordance with this “licit relationship” calculus, he began to reduce production in Kimberley from three to two million carats a year.

Rhodes further held that there should be a single channel of distribution of diamonds. He therefore contracted to sell De Beers’ entire production to a London syndicate of diamond merchants, who would then resell the diamonds to cutters in Antwerp.

Once the diamond business was rationally ordered into a monopoly, Rhodes moved on to the matter of restoring the British Empire. He was elected prime minister of the Cape Colony and organized a military putsch {TAKEOVER}, aimed at taking over the Transvaal from the Boer settlers, that failed. Rhodes did, however, succeed in colonizing a large portion of central Africa.

1866- Diamonds discovered in Kimberly; 1886- gold discovered in the Transvaal, where the Boers (Dutch) were….”Then in 1886, an Australian discovered gold in the Witwatersrand area of the South African Republic. Wikipedia, 2nd Boer War: “Gold made the Transvaal the richest and potentially the most powerful nation in southern Africa”

Barnato [A fierce competitor about his own age he bought out; with help from bankers who understood the importance of monopoly to the price of diamonds], who by now was one of the richest men in the world, returned to the music hall and acted in a number of amateur productions in Kimberley. Then, in 1897, on an ocean liner headed back to England, he either jumped or fell overboard and disappeared beneath a wave.

Rhodes died five years later at the age of forty-eight. His body was buried on a remote mountaintop in Rhodesia. He had never married and he had no heirs. He left almost his entire fortune to Oxford to finance future Rhodes scholars. At De Beers there was no immediate successor to Rhodes, but the vacuum would not remain unfilled for long. Within a year of Rhodes’ death another young entrepreneur arrived in South Africa. His name was Ernest Oppenheimer.

Dig in anywhere –not necessarily to my writing, but to some of the sources I posted.  If I were to pick two (links) that pretty much “say it all” — I’d pick the Edward Jay Epstein book on the Diamond Cartel (Post #4) and the description of the Herero and Namaqua genocides (German South-west Africa), which (literally) set the scene for — and directly inspired/influenced the Nazi Holocaust.

A beautiful art gallery site tells this story initially.

READ THIS LINK (On how extermination of natives for attempting to protect their lands in “German Southwest Africa” and death camps on “Shark Island” (in the Atlantic) paved the way, and was literally practice for the Holocaust. Found through simply looking up “Fritz Luderitz.”):

The link is actually to an art gallery Ezakwantu.com1 with amazing visuals and historical information on the various tribes as well.

Central and Southern African Tribal Art



For example:

19th Century Southern African Tribal Wars / “Mfecane-Lifaqane-Difaqane-Xenophobia”

You cannot tell this story without telling:  How it affected people already living in Africa, the cradle of civilization — and how Americans participated in many, many ways, in the initial genocide.

Understand also, that any philanthropy is mostly just for monopoly.  It doesn’t make up for the original bloodshed, and the characteristics shown in Rhodes himself from the start.

Here are the last four posts — and I also added another homepage, “Some FAQs on CAFRs,” etc. — talking about the Privatization of Government Wealth.

I’m beginning to understand why it’s such a hard sell to even find people (male or female) to associate with who are willing to de-program themselves from their class-based, values-drenched inferior educations in how to be someone else’s wealth & trust administrators, and (with nerves of steel, resolve, and serious courage), look into the machinations of some genocidal lunatics — and realize  how many people have been forced, tricked, or corraled into helping execute their plans to the point that even entire nations can’t, really, afford to stand up to them. It would seem

I already got from material on this blog and from personal life experience (in the courts, etc.) the general idea that the professional classes are in place to take money and receive training from the ruling classes on how to create technology to

[a] perpetuate enough myths to control the rest of the world, and, should the rest of the world see through these myths, along with the myth-making apparatus,

  • in particular coverup just how many genocides formed the basis of, for example, higher-institutions of learning in the USA, and
  • how workers are treated when protesting inappropriate and unnecessary deaths (in the mines) and land displacement (for the mines), to this day.

[b] firepower (force) called “low-income” classes, and I have known this for a while, however it has also been spelled out specifically in writings of the specific teacher (John Ruskin) cited as inspiring Cecil Rhodes’ vision of expanding and restoring the British Empire.  

Though the word now used is “Commonwealth” the idea is still the same, apparently….   

When I look at what this means — which includes looking at by what means –and from whom — Rhodes got his wealth to start with, I think any movement by a US President or Senator “Rhodes Scholar,” claiming their motive is to help the disenfranchised  and dark-skinned people of the world, through education or (in the case of US President Bill Clinton), “welfare,” it has to be understood in its context.

The Rhodes Scholarship members maintain close and lifelong? ties, and were sent forth, like “Jesus’ disciples,” to evangelize and transform the world, and effectively so from what I can tell.

But while Jesus’ disciples (at least originally and for courtesy’s sake, I’ll say “allegedly”) called men to repent, and bring forth some fruits that indicated such repentance, while many of the original ones were martyred, others were burned at the stake for their beliefs (including over a thousand years later, when church and state had united) otherwise tortured for failing to “recant,” Rhodes’ disciples, on the other hand, head right for government and run major corporations (where many of the original trustees were, like Rhodes, already), or presidency of prestigious universities in their home countries, to transform law, while the corporate interests that funded it originally,  are forcing nations to their knees, and to this day, getting workers killed in the mines, suppressing strikes, and like Rhodes, displacing subsistence farmers, re-writing the map of Africa, etc.

[Anglo-American, I learned, was formed in 1917 with Sir Ernest Oppenheimer and JP Morgan, and by 1926 became majority stockholder in De Beers (Rhodes’ company; Rhodes died in 1902).  It is one BIG “m-f” company, and not a very nice one, either.

Sir Ernest’s grandson, “Nicky” was richest man in South Africa, and #134th in the world as of Forbes, ca. 2008.  Meanwhile, workers continue to die in the mines.. and strikes are spreading, Anglo American Platinum (world’s largest producer” sacked 12,000 striking workers..]

Russian president Vladimir Putinmeeting with De Beers chairman Nicky Oppenheimer in South Africa in 2006

No one does this without a little backing: (from the book “Grand Dukes and Diamonds, (apparently more about the Porges family)” just found when I googled “Cecil Rhodes Alfred Beit

PORGES, Jules (1838-1921)

Mining magnate. Born in Prague, settled in Paris in the 1860s and became a leading diamond merchant.
Both Alfred Beit and Sir Julius Wernher worked for him and were sent by him to Kimberley.
He himself arrived there in 1875 and became a successful operator in shares, claims and stones, later extending operations (establishing the firm of H. Eckstein) to the Witwatersrand in 1887.

[=where Gold was found….]
In 1880 he returned to Europe. He retired from business in 1889, but long outlived both Beit and Wernher.

{{check some of this out!}}
Turn of the Tide
In 1875 Porgès was the largest importer of Cape diamonds in London and had £30,000 invested in the business. Sir Charles Warren, who had travelled out on the same ship as Porgès, the SS Danube, was to write of the “magnificent Porgès who knows the value of money though he has plenty of it”. And photographs of Porgès do show an amiable face, with a big moustache and hair parted down the middle.
“Centre of Important Interests”
All his plans for return had to be postponed because of dramatic new developments, namely Porgès‘s imminent formation in Paris of the Compagnie Française des Mines de Diamants du Cap de Bonne Espérance, {{CAPE OF GOOD HOPE}} with a capital of £560,000. It took place in 1880 and was the first Kimberley-based joint-stock company to be floated in Europe.


Sir Julius Charles WERNHER(1850-1912)Julius Wernher

Mining magnate.
Born in Darmstadt, Germany, where his father was attached to the Grand-Ducal court, he entered a London bank as a learner, served in the Prussian cavalry in the Franco-German War of 1870-1871, and, like Alfred Beit, took a post in Paris with Jules Porges

Porges sent him to Kimberley [SOUTH AFRICA, the DIAMOND MINES], where he was elected to the Mining Board and soon gained wealth and prominence.

After the discovery of the Rand he extended his operations to the Transvaal. In 1888 he became one of the four original ‘Life Governers’ of De Beers Consolidated Mines. He settled in London as Porges‘ partner and, when the latter retired in 1889, continued operations under the name of Wernher, Beit andCo., the largest mining house in South Africa, if not in the world, controlling the Rand Mines group and other huge interests. Apart from occasional visits to South Africa, he spent the rest of his life in England. A noted art collector, he died, leaving the largest South African fortune on record – over £11 000 000.

Alfred BEIT (1853-1906)Alfred Beit

Capitalist and co-founder with Cecil Rhodes of Southern Rhodesia.
Born in Hamburg in the same year as Rhodes, of an old Jewish family. He learnt the diamond trade under Jules Porges in Amsterdam and elsewhere. In 1875 he went to Port Elizabeth on behalf of his cousins, the Lipperts, who sent him to Kimberley as their representative. There he came into touch with Julius Wernher and with Cecil Rhodes. Attaining considerable prosperity as a diamond merchant, he became a member of the firm of Jules Porges and Co., and on the retirement of Porges, he and Wernher converted this firm in 1884 to Wernher, Beit and Co.

Returning to England he joined forces with Rhodes in his efforts to amalgamate the diamond mines, which resulted in the foundation of De Beers. A Life Governor of De Beers, he was one of the principal figures in the foundation of the Chartered Company and in the first efforts to open up Rhodesia.

Wernher, Beit and Co. presently became leaders in Barberton and then in the Witwatersrand gold industry. Beit visited Rhodesia in the very early days, but kept his headquarters in London. Unlike Rhodes, he did his utmost to keep out of politics, though his friendship with him remained undiminished, and he was one of the main trustees and heirs under his will. Upon Alfred Beit’s death the Beit Trust came into existence. He also bequeathed enormous sums for university education and research in South Africa, Rhodesia, Britain and Germany.

{{also was on the Rhodes Trust Board, I believe, and contributed also to it…}}

Regarding “the Rand” I am wondering how the South African “rand” relates to the incredibly connected (with US and other governments, and corporations, and a major US Federal Contractor) “the Rand Corporation” (WIKIPEDIA, first, defining the “RAND”….)

The rand (signRcodeZAR) is the currency of South Africa. It takes its name from the Witwatersrand (White-waters-ridge in English), the ridge upon which Johannesburg is built and where most of South Africa’s gold deposits were found. The rand has the symbol “R” and is subdivided into 100 cents, symbol “c”. The ISO 4217 code is ZAR, from Dutch Zuid-Afrikaanse rand. (South African rand). Before 1961, the Dutch language was one of the official languages of South Africa.

The rand is the currency of the Common Monetary Area betweenSouth AfricaSwaziland and Lesotho. Although Namibia withdrew from the Common Monetary Area, the rand is still legal tender there.

(WSJ;  “South African Rand Plummets under Labor Disputes”  workers have been striking over conditions at one of the companies where are in part, the legacy of Rhodes, Oppenheimer, and friends, i.e., Anglo American Platinum, etc.  It’s affecting the currency trading).

I don’t know the connection, but given how much “RAND Corp” (a nonprofit think tank) is truly interested in running, I’m thinking it’s related…

The RAND Corporation delivers a wide range of expertise to clients in need of objective analysis and effective solutions.Servicesprovided to the clients listed below include expert research and analysis, identification of new or alternative methodologies, exploration of the range of available options and analysis of the relative advantages and disadvantages, and, as appropriate, the mapping of specific courses of action.

Current clients can learn more about their projects from the relevant RAND business divisions.to the right.

U.S. Government

  • Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

Other Nonprofit Organizations

I hate to bring this up again, but no women were allowed to be a Rhodes Scholar til 1977.  

Ramifications:  The purpose of the Rhodes Scholarship, and its founder, was to restore the British empire, and bring the entire planet under its domination; they were allegedly the superior race.  In fact, not that Germans were much better, or others in particular (descendants of certain monarchies) — they were genocidal.   And some of the most horrible things invented for engaging in genocide (or, apartheid) were practiced in South and Southwest Africa.

Some of the brains and inventions for wiping out indigenous people came from American invention:  for example, the Maxim gun.  Some of the money too — for example, the primary market for diamonds (until the use for industrial diamonds was discovered) were in America — persuading all women that a real engagement needed a Diamond (when in fact, diamonds, once discovered in South Africa — and Southwest Africa, on the beach of what’s now Namibia — were unbelievably plentiful).

Rhodes was just NOT a nice guy — nor were these good causes:

Cecil Rhodes and Genocide Diamonds

But it was Rhodes who originated the racist “land grabs” to which Zimbabwe’s current miseries can ultimately be traced. It was Rhodes, too, who in 1887 told the House of Assembly in Cape Town that “the native is to be treated as a child and denied the franchise. We must adopt a system of despotism in our relations with the barbarians of South Africa”. In less oratorical moments, he put it even more bluntly: “I prefer land to n1gg&rs.”

For much of the century since his death, Rhodes has been revered as a national hero. Today, however, he is closer to a national embarrassment, about whom the less said the better.

But his presence is more strongly felt – and resented – in the territories that once bore his name. Delegates at the Pan Africanist Congress in January argued that “the problems which were being blamed on [President Robert] Mugabe were created by British colonialism, whose agent Cecil Rhodes used armed force to acquire land for settlers”. He is the reason why, during the campaign for the presidential election in Zimbabwe, Mugabe’s Zanu-PF described its enemies – white or black – as “colonialists”; why, when Zimbabwe gained full independence in 1980, Rhodes’s name was wiped from the world’s maps.

The prosecution case is strong. Rhodes connived his way to wealth in a lawless frontier culture, then used that fortune to fund a private invasion of East Africa. He bought newspapers in order to shape and control public opinion. He brokered secret deals, issued bribes and used gangs of mercenaries to butcher his opponents, seizing close to a million square miles of territory from its inhabitants. Although he did this in the name of the British Empire, he was regarded with some suspicion in his home country, and when it suited him to work against Britain’s imperial interests – by slipping £10,000 to Parnell’s Irish nationalists, for example – he did so without scruple.

… (when someone at home questioned the policy….)

Apart from increasing our obligations in every part of the world, what advantage do you see to the English race in the acquisition of new territory?” Rhodes replied: “Great Britain is a very small island. Great Britain’s position depends on her trade, and if we do not open up the dependencies of the world which are at present devoted to barbarism, we shall shut out the world’s trade. It must be brought home to you that your trade is the world, and your life is the world, not England. That is why you must deal with these questions of expansion and retention of the world.”

At around the same time, Henry John Heinz was outlining a comparable manifesto: “Our field,” he pronounced, “is the world.” By 1900, his 57 varieties were available in every continent. Global capitalism and imperial expansion developed in collaboration; shared aims, aspirations, patterns of influence. Today, most of the world’s political empires have been dissolved and discredited, but the routes along which capital moves remain the same. After Rhodes came Nestlé, Coca-Cola, BP, McDonald’s, Microsoft.

In 1896, Rhodes’s name was linked with the Jameson Raid – a disastrous (and illegal) attempt to annex Transvaal territory held by the Boers, and a principal cause of the South African War of 1899-1902. His reputation in Britain accrued a lasting tarnish. A defence of his character, published in 1897 and co-authored by the pseudonymous “Imperialist”, offers an insight into the charges against him: “Bribery and corruption”, “neglect of duty”, “harshness to the natives” and the allegation that “that Mr Rhodes is utterly unscrupulous”.

His lifelong companion Dr Leander Starr Jameson – a future premier of the Cape Colony and the leader of the ill-fated raid – added a postscript insisting that some of Rhodes’s best blacks were friends: “His favourite Sunday pastime was to go into the De Beers native compound, where he had built them a fine swimming bath, and throw in shillings for the natives to dive for. He knew enough of their languages to talk to them freely, and they looked up to him – indeed, fairly worshipped the great white man.

! ! !

Even when a woman of nobility applied in 1903, she was turned down. One black was allowed in, 1907 (see below), but due to loud protests from American white scholars (at the time), not another until 1963.   There were schools allowing women to attend in the 1800s (in America, at least one in England). 

Princeton admits women:  1969, in part because Yale did, and to retain its reputation:

  • The board also had concerns that Princeton would not be able to attract quality students in the future if it remained all-male.

    “A Princeton which persisted in denying admission to women applicants probably could not long maintain a strong position of leadership in the nation,” the board declared.

YALE admits women UNDERgrads in 1969, but had admitted women to graduate programs since 1869 .(“women” only mentioned 2x on the history page) . .As of about 1930s, Yale started modeling itself (with “colleges”) after Oxford and Cambridge.> > >

African-Americans at Yale; there were some in 1800s, early 1900s but a hard road:

  • New Haven in the 1800s was a very hierarchical society that was not too far removed from Victorian society and, in some ways, still is.”
  • Patton pointed out that there was slavery in New Haven and that, in fact, more people owned slaves in New England than in the South. In the minds of its citizens at the time, he said, there were only two kinds of black people, “good” ones and “bad” ones. This narrow view kept many from realizing that genius was all around them, Patton added.

Harvard had Radcliffe, and I can’t quite figure it out on short notice….To the Law School, 1950, to the MBA program, 1963, no UNDERgraduates til 1973. ?

Harvard may or may not be the world’s greatest university, but it is certainly the nation’s oldest, and no one who enters a dormitory, walks through the Yard, or sits in the library is allowed to forget it.

Radcliffe College, one of the Seven Sisters schools, evolved from informal instruction offered to individual women or small groups of women by Harvard University
faculty in the 1870s. In 1879 a faculty group called the Harvard Annex made a full course of study available to women, despite resistance to coeducation from the university’s administration. ..Following unsuccessful efforts to have women admitted directly to degree programs at Harvard, the Annex, which had incorporated as the Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women, chartered Radcliffe College in 1894. The college was named for the colonial philanthropist Ann Radcliffe, who established the first scholarship fund at Harvard in 1643.

1879 — Harvard “Annex” opened in Cambridge, affiliated with Harvard (later Radcliffe)
1950s —Majority of Seven Sisters Colleges with male presidents; Harvard, Yale and Princeton appoint their first women full professors
1970 — Radcliffe ceases to exist as an instruction-giving entity; single admissions policy established at Harvard for men and women (that’s Radcliffe, below):

While there were a few coeducational colleges (such as Oberlin College founded in 1833, Antioch College in 1853, and Bates College in 1855), most colleges and universities of high standing at that time were exclusively for men. The first generally-accepted coordinate college, H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, (with Tulane University), was founded in 1886, and followed a year later by Evelyn College for Women, the coordinate college for Princeton University. The model was quickly duplicated at other prestigious universities. Notable nineteenth century coordinate colleges included Barnard (with Columbia University), Pembroke (with Brown University), and Radcliffe College (with Harvard University). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_colleges_in_the_United_States

Here’s the list (and site has affiliates)

The Seven Sisters is a loose association of seven liberal arts colleges in the Northeastern United States that are historically women’s colleges. They are Barnard College, Bryn Mawr College,** Mount Holyoke College, Radcliffe College, Smith College, Vassar College, and Wellesley College. All were founded between 1837 and 1889. Four are in Massachusetts, two are in New York, and one is in Pennsylvania. Radcliffe (which merged with Harvard College) and Vassar (which is now coeducational) are no longer women’s colleges.

Bryn Mawr associated with several, including Princeton & Swarthmore.   From 1921-1940 a Rhodes Scholar, Frank Aydelotte was President of Swarthmore, and introduced “sweeping changes” Modeling it after Oxford and starting an honors program.  “In its first year, 22 juniors enrolled in the new program in either English literature or the social sciences.”  These changes came the first year in office (1921 in office, 1922, changes).

In 1939, Aydelotte left Swarthmore to become the second director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, which he helped to found. He maintained his commitment to the Rhodes Scholar Program, which he administered from 1917 to 1953. Aydelotte also joined the Board of Managers {of which??} in 1945 and became a member of the Joint Anglo-American Commission on Palestine.

What I’m saying — these scholarships were influencing, if not directing, American education from the very start, almost.  Regarding the Princeton Institute, if you don’t get the significance yet, click on that link:  Can you say “computer”?  “RAM”?  Bomb?  (Albert Einstein was on its faculty):

(in order of service)

J. ROBERT OPPENHEIMER, 1947–66  (not of the diamond industry family, I think).

Working outside the bounds of industry, breaking the rules of academia, and relying largely on the U.S. government for support, a dozen engineers in their twenties and thirties designed and built von Neumann’s computer for less than $1 million in under five years. “He was in the right place at the right time with the right connections with the right idea,” remembers Willis Ware, fourth to be hired to join the engineering team, “setting aside the hassle that will probably never be resolved as to whose ideas they really were.” 
As World War II drew to a close, the scientists who had built the atomic bomb at Los Alamos wondered, “What’s next?” Some, including Richard Feynman, vowed never to have anything to do with nuclear weapons or military secrecy again. Others, including Edward Teller and John von Neumann, were eager to develop more advanced nuclear weapons, especially the “Super,” or hydrogen bomb. Just before dawn on the morning of July 16, 1945, the New Mexico desert was illuminated by an explosion “brighter than a thousand suns.” Eight and a half years later, an explosion one thousand times more powerful illuminated the skies over Bikini Atoll. The race to build the hydrogen bomb was accelerated by von Neumann’s desire to build a computer, and the push to build von Neumann’s computer was accelerated by the race to build a hydrogen bomb.
At the Institute for Advanced Study, more people worked on quantum mechanics than on their own cars. There was one notable exception: Julian Bigelow, who arrived at the Institute, in 1946, as John von Neumann’s chief engineer. Bigelow, who was fluent in physics, mathematics, and electronics, was also a mechanic who could explain, even to a three-year-old, how a fan belt works, why it broke, and whether it came from a Ford or a Chevrolet.
John von Neumann in front of the IAS computer, 1952. At waist level are twelve of the forty Williams cathode-ray memory tubes, storing 1,024 bits in each individual tube, for a total capacity of five kilobytes (40,960 bits)

Harvard, article on recent trends, and immigrant versus native-born African-Americans.   (NOTE current US President is a Harvard grad . . . !!!).  Includes negative comment on Oxford’s performance compared to other schools.

Well, this could go on and on.

I don’t properly know my own family line back more than two generations (my own grandparents, most of them), but seeing how they have treated each other at the turn of the century (late 1900s – now), I suspect there is a reason my siblings (and in truth, the family line) are so fragmented, and paranoid, other than basic character defects (greed, pride, cruelty, an innate need to set up and win a game and experience someone else losing it: i.e., empty inside.  Or it might be just the first one, who knows?  When dealing with such characters, there is no peace — ever. There’s just the pause between the next innings.  If one member is still showing signs of twitching to life, or independent thought, there will be another round.  Some of them handled this by putting a continent between each other.  We may call this abuse, but in reading the history of Rhodes, that was pretty much his driving mentality, which stopped only when he eventually died.  Who knows, if he’d had children, whether some of this might have diverted into actually love for his own kids, and a sense of humanity?  Maybe with the frail health, he had a chip on his shoulder and so identified with the ideal of strength in the British empire?)  In my family, it apparent has gone on generation to generation, suspicion breeding suspicions, and clambering on top of others, selling out immediate relatives for a buck, lying in court (routine), lying to each other, teaching other members how to lie as well, or at times, soliciting other (what we might call “crooks”) to do their dirty work so they can appear to have clean hands, when they don’t.

But the fact is — look at the facts — a lot of the entire culture we have grown up under:  political, economic, social, educational — in the 1900s has been influenced by the same maniacal characters, in the name of civilization, progress, international peace, whatever.  “Diamonds Are Forever,” eh?  If someone in AMERICA, specifically, in the late 1800s and 1900s, hadn’t promoted this and someone else hadn’t bought that (line), Africa would look different today.  And probably several hundred thousand more people would be alive, with their descendants.

So, how many of us were subject to this entire mentality growing up and simply absorbed it?


Sometimes (probably because I’m looking so hard), I run across information that pretty well summarizes the situation, and after that — not a whole lot more to say.  American ingenuity has worked well to shed blood in Africa to perpetuate the myth that, for example, “Diamonds Are Forever” so a diamond cartel (which is not above overthrowing African governments) can manage to control the market from bottom to top.


The evil genius of Cecil Rhodes (and it was absolutely evil) was influenced sitting under the teaching of a John Ruskin, who was influenced by a more religious personality, F.D.W. Maurice — we are talking mid-1800s.   When I looked up F.D.W. Maurice, some were calling him the greatest mind since Plato.   He was the son of a Unitarian minister (place it in that century in England; Unitarians were not orthodox, there was a state religion, etc.).  JFDW Maurice (actually, the complete name) opened a college for working class men, and also for women (Christian Socialism) — Ruskin taught there, but doesn’t appear to have been so religious.  You can look them up.  Ruskin was a “polymath” and art critic of his time as well.    Some Masonry is in the mix.

This is from a wordpress blog, “Kufara Gwenzi:  Become a Better African”  Although the ideas are not all neatly laid out, it is not showing high traffic ( even less views than this blog; about 9,000 to over 100K here), and cites his sources, but other links also good to consider.  Some of this text comes from.  The post starts out immediately focusing on who was “a Jew,” which I find disturbing.  Christians can be equally terrorist and sponsor it also, as can Muslims, etc.  However, the information of who sat under whose teaching, if true, is relevant.

(posted  Fri. March 21, 2008, “The Legacy of Cecil Rhodes

1. Ideological Background and Framing
2. Formation of Rhodes Society
3. Capital Accumulation
4. Key Figures in Cecil John Rhodes’ Early and Later Business Life
5. After the Death of Rhodes
6. Rhodes Scholarship
7. Anglo-American Establishment

1. Ideological Background and Framing

Cecil John Rhodes was a British Jew, a student and a devoted fan of another British Jew, John Ruskin (1819-1900).Ruskin was a teacher at the Working Men’s College (founded in 1854 by Christian-Socialist philosopher J. F. D. Maurice), a professor of Fine Arts at Oxford University, an artist and a writer. He spoke to Oxford British undergraduates as members of the privileged ruling class and that they were possessors of what was called a magnificent tradition of education, beauty, rule of law, freedom, decency and self-discipline.He based his views on those of socialist Robert Owen. He advocated and espoused theories developed from the teachings of Plato (428-347 BC), who had studied under Socrates.Rhodes began developing his imperialist vision after hearing a speech by John Ruskin which espoused an opinion, which by extension, furthered the teachings found in Plato’s The Republic. Plato, an initiate of ancient mystery systems of Africa in ancient Egypt, called for “...a ruling class with a powerful army to keep it in power and a society completely subordinate to the monolithic authority of the rulers.”“When French Grand Orient Freemasonry sent a German-born Mason, Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) to England to agitate the lower classes to rebel against the British aristocracy, the British aristocracy became concerned. To counter the increasingly influential ideology of French Freemasonry, in 1870 a select group of English Masonry devised a plan which would both satisfy the proletariat and keep the Masonic oligarchy in power. The scheme was introduced at Oxford, by Freemason John Ruskin.“Ruskin’s inspiration and devotion to the creation of an elite of race patriots derived directly from Plato’s Republic.In the Republic, Plato called for “a ruling class with a powerful army to keep it in power and a society completely subordinate to the monolithic authority of the rulers.” Ruskin sent out to recoup and extend the influence of British Masonry. He wanted to do this by education of the working man. His views on the ruling class as developed from Plato’s Republic, sent shock waves through Oxford.

“[You, the undergraduates are] the possessors of a magnificent tradition of education, beauty, rule of law, freedom, decency and self-discipline but… this tradition [can] not be saved, and does not deserve to be saved, unless it can be extended to the lower classes in England itself and to the non-English masses throughout the world.

If this precious tradition is not extended to these two great majorities, the minority of upper-class Englishmen will ultimately be submerged by these majorities and the tradition lost. To prevent this, the tradition must be extended to the masses and to the empire.”

It should not be imagined that the purpose of spreading education was to educate people — but rather it was to raise up a middle class to control the lower classes, lest the RULING class lose its place at the top of the heap.   It is not altruistic, and the purpose is definitely not to share with the middle class the secrets of ruling, and of course one always needs manual labor.

“Ruskin’s rationale for proclaiming such ideas was to plant in the fertile minds of his Oxford students the theory that if they educated the working man and elevated him to the middle class, he would labor in behalf of the aristocracy to perpetuate the tradition of the upper-class Englishmen – which tradition was to control the finances of nations through ground rent, banking and trade.

Ruskin taught that it was the essential duty of the aristocracy to guarantee an education for the so that an expanded middle class would rule the country. This arrangement would be a type of legal slavery whereby both classes {{ARISTOCRACY AND MIDDLE}} would benefit. Through the power of finance, the ruling class would maintain control from behind the scenes, while the working class would have opportunity to share in the common wealth made available through loans.

“Ruskin successfully transmitted his vision to his students at Oxford. They in turn became the Masonic movers and shakers in the new politics and economics that today govern the seven industrial nations of the world – the United States, Canada, England, Germany, France, Italy, and Japan.

{{I’m not as informed on Masonry as others….}}

A wealthy young man, Cecil Rhodes, like John Ruskin believed that only the British elite could and should rule the world to the benefit and happiness of mankind. Shortly after arriving at Oxford, Rhodes was initiated into Freemasonry at the Apollo University lodge No. 357. On April 17, 1877, he was raised a Master Mason in the same lodge. Rhodes also joined a Scottish Rite Lodge at Oxford called Prince Rose Croix Lodge No. 30.

{{(et cetera).  Here are some of the sources listed at the bottom (not including a list of non-linked books just above):}}

. . .

Dr. Louis L. Snyder, Encyclopaedia of the Third Reich (McGraw-Hill Inc., 1976) www.global-elite.org/

The Blogger apparently is a pseudonym but has been considering how to detach Zimbabwe (NOTE:  formerly “Rhodesia,” get it?) from foreign banks without subscribing to the “colonisation model.”

Base indigenisation model on merit: analyst

on August 26, 2011 at 3:11 am

By Eric Chiriga

Zimbabwe’s indigenisation model will create parasitic business owners, but not institutional value or iconic brand creators, blogger Kufara Gwenzi says.

What I’m saying is, this writer (it’s a pseudonym) apparently has done his research, and, overall, it’s making sense:  Reviewed in “How Secret Societies Shape Western Politics.”

Zimbabwe: How Secret Societies Shape Western Politics

Published by the Government of Zimbabwe
The Herald (Harare)

10 January 2008
Posted to the web 10 January 2008

Mabasa Sasa

IN the foreword to his book, Captains and Kings, Taylor Caldwell dedicates his work to those young men and women disillusioned by the way the world is being run but do not know why or how.

Caldwell’s book tries to outline — through fictional characters — how shadowy societies that purport to be concerned with following economic, political and social trends are actually the prime creators of these trends and that they manipulate these for their own benefit.

Of course, it all sounds like a conspiracy theory, but then again the Taylor Caldwells of this world will tell you that it is a manifestation of the power of secret societies that many people dismiss their existence and influence as the stuff of overworked Hollywood imaginations.

Interestingly though, most — if not all — research into the workings of secret societies has tended to focus on these bodies, that have evolved into veritable institutions in their own right, within the context of occidental civilisation with very little explorations into their linkages — historical and contemporary — with Africa

That’s right.  People tend not to make the African connection.  However we can’t afford not to, to understand our own past, and why the same behaviors keep coming down generation after generation.  

A Zimbabwean writer using the pseudonym Kufara Gwenzi has, however, tackled this academic and practical deficiency in the study of secret societies by penning his own research into these bodies and unlike Caldwell’s book, Gwenzi’s work is based on a reality buttressed by meticulous research.

The soon to be published manuscript, titled “Seeing Beyond the Cotton Wool: Understanding the Form and Structure of Caucasian Power” is a breathtaking exploration of secret societies, where they came from, their role in today’s politics and the implications of their existence for countries like Zimbabwe.

But the book goes further and makes a daring suggestion; that it is time Africa started creating such power structures designed to protect our national and continental interests in much the same way institutions like the American Council for Foreign Relations do.

For Gwenzi, this is not a staggering idea considering that secret societies have part of their origins in the works of Pythagoras (582-507 BCE) who was himself a student of African Mystery Society teachings in Egypt for over two decades.

The African Mystery Schools in Ancient Egypt, explains Gwenzi, were aimed at educating and passing on esoteric knowledge from one generation to the next.

Gwenzi writes: “Pharaoh Thutmosis III, who ruled ancient Egypt from 1500-1447 BCE, organised the first esoteric brotherhood of initiates founded upon principles and methods familiar to those perpetuated by the Rosicrucian Order today.

“Moses, a son of the tribe of Levi, educated in Egypt and initiated at Heliopolis, became a High Priest of the Brotherhood under the reign of the Pharaoh Amenhotep. He was elected by the Hebrews as their chief and he adapted to the ideas of his people the science and philosophy which he had obtained in the Egyptian mysteries; proofs of this are to be found in the symbols, in the Initiations, and in his precepts and commandments.

“The wonders which Moses narrates as having taken place upon the Mountain of Sinai, are, in part, a veiled account of the Egyptian initiation which he transmitted to his people when he established a branch of the Egyptian Brotherhood in his country, from which descended the Essenes.”

Interjecting some information here re:  the fantastic library from Alexandria, Egypt (a time-leap forward in history) established ca. 300 B.C. which was, however, burned ca. 1st or 2nd century A.D.

Interesting how there is an Alexandria, Virginia founded in 1779:”Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealthof Virginia. As of 2010, the city had a total population of 139,966.[3][4] Located along the Western bank of thePotomac River, Alexandria is approximately six miles (9.6 kilometers) south of downtown Washington, D.C…..7th largest and highest-income independent town in the commonwealth of Virginia”  Wonder why it was named “Alexandria”

6. The Library of Alexandria

Although it wasn’t a technology, the legendary Library of Alexandria warrants a place on this list, if only because its destruction meant that so much of the collected knowledge of antiquity was forever lost. The library was founded in Alexandria, Egypt in roughly 300 B.C., most likely during the reign of Ptolemy Soter. It marked the first serious attempt to gather all the known information about the outside world in one place. The size of its collection is not known (though the number has been estimated to be in the neighborhood of one million scrolls), but the library undoubtedly attracted some of the great minds of its day, among them Zenodotus and Aristophones of Byzantium, both of whom spent considerable time doing scholarly work in Alexandria.

The library became so important that there is even a legend that all visitors to the city would have to surrender their books upon entering so that a copy could be made for storage in the great library.

{{I heard that the originals were kept, and the passing ships etc. got copies back….}}

Library of Alexandria

How was it Lost?

The Library of Alexandria and all its contents burned sometime around the first or second century AD. Scholars are still uncertain just how the fire was started, but there are a few competing theories. The first, which is backed up by historical documents, suggests that Julius Caesar accidentally burned the library when he set fire to some of his own ships in order to block the path of an advancing enemy fleet. The fire spread to the docks and then enveloped the library. Other theories contend that the library was sacked and burned by invaders, with the Emperor Aurelian, Theodosius I, and the Arab conqueror Amr ibn al ‘Aas serving as the main contenders. However the Library of Alexandria was destroyed, there’s little doubt that many of the secrets of antiquity were lost along with it. We’ll never know for sure just what was lost, but had it remained standing, there’s an argument to be made that many of the technologies on the list would have never been lost

Other refs:

Library of Alexandria’s Secrets Unearthed By 

Mubarak’s wife and Library of Alexandria Secret Accounts (?huh?)

What Happened to the Great Library at Alexandria?

The Alexandrian library flourished for several hundred years, and was the center of cultural development in the west. Scholars from every field of knowledge and every corner of the Hellenistic world came to learn, study and teach at Alexandria. Paid staff included grammarians, historians, astronomers, geographers, mathematicians, physicians, and poets. They studied and revised the works of earlier writers, beginning with Homer–the division of Homer’s works into separate books is thought to be a product of the library. Scholarship consisted mostly of compiling, editing, criticizing and commenting on older texts, rather than composing new ones.

The list of famous scholars who studied at Alexandria in antiquity is long. Euclid wrote his Elements there. Archimedes was a student at the library. Legend says the pharaoh Ptolemy II convened seventy Jewish scholars to translate the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) from Hebrew into Greek, producing a work called the Septuagint. The astronomer Eratosthanes, working at the library, taught that the earth was a sphere and computed its circumference (he was off a bit)….

“The great library at Alexandria in Egypt was founded by the Ptolemy dynasty around 290 BC, in a palace district known as the Brucheion. Alexandria was the largest city in the western world at the time, the home of the papyrus industry and the center of the book trade. The library was called a “museum,” that is, a “house of the muses”–what we would call a school of arts and sciences. A smaller “daughter library” was built in the same district about a century later at the temple of Serapis.”

 (After some paras. about the various fires : 89BC, 47 BC (Julius Caesar et al.), 273 A.D. (fire, Roman emperor Aurelian…) and partial destructions…, notice the Christian input in destruction of knowledge (see book A.D. 381/Roman Emperor Theodosius.consolidating his power/settling ecclesiastical arguments over the nature of Christ, etc…)

As Christians gained dominance in the region, they felt uncomfortable with pagan temples full of pagan documents. In 391 AD, Theophilus, the patriarch of Alexandria, urged a mob to destroy the temple at Serapis, presumably at the same time destroying whatever books were left in the daughter library. This was hailed as a great victory of the Christians over the pagans.


Continuing with:

Zimbabwe: How Secret Societies Shape Western Politics Published by the Government of Zimbabwe The Herald (Harare) OPINION 10 January 2008 (reviewing book by the pseudonym author I quoted re: educational influences on Cecil Rhodes…)

“The narrative gets rather interesting here and it is highly unlikely that it will endear Gwenzi to dogmatists and fundamentalists at all.

The author quotes Manetho, a High Priest at Heliopolis in his work, The History of Egypt, saying the “dogma” of an only God was passed onto Moses by the Egyptian Brotherhood as founded by the Pharaoh who established the first monotheistic religion known to man.

Moses himself admits to this training in Exodus 2:10 (also referred to in Acts 7:22) and Gwenzi contends that he then transmitted this esoteric knowledge to 70 elders as outlined in Numbers

Pythagoras, on being equipped with this knowledge subsequently created his Pythagorean Brotherhood and formulated the principles that were later to influence the thoughts and works of Plato and Aristotle, who are in turn credited with being the ideological fathers of occidental civilisation.

Gwenzi contends that all major civilisations have grown on the back of the activities of secret societies as evidenced by Egypt’s own greatness and the power and influence that Greece had following Pythagoras’ education in Africa

I agree.

Various brotherhoods, and now sororities as well, are the recruiting grounds from which secret societies earmark potential future leaders in diverse fields.

They are consequently mentored and moulded from college age to become the type of political, economic and social leaders they are today and that is why no matter which of America’s two large parties is in power the country’s foreign policy objectives remain largely the same.

These fraternities include Skulls and Bones, Scroll and Key, Wolf’s Head, Elihu and Berzelius.

In recent history, William Taft, Prescott Bush, both George Bushes and John Kerry are among leading American politicians who were nurtured by Skull and Bones.

Those who are “educated” through Skull and Bones are well versed in 12 particular areas that include education, use of media as a tool, control of wealth/banking, foreign policy, psychology, religion and even philanthropy among others.

The idea is to ensure continuity and a development projection that suits the needs of their civilisation and those who control it from behind the scenes, which is essentially what the Ancient Egyptians were doing millennia ago.

It matters less what Gods you do/don’t believe in (for matters of this life) than to understand that it’s convenient for a centralized power to believe in a monotheistic one, embodied in the state, and making every other one, “the bad guys.”  The primary role of government is, generally speaking, building monuments and expanding empires; religion comes in handy with this one.

Regarding the influences on Rhodes, picking up his education in bits and pieces back in England (although his frail health wouldn’t allow it), the names JFDW Maurice, John Ruskin, and eventually Rhodes, come up, and probably should be looked up (I did)….

I am truly tired from all this, as well as personally (psychologically, etc.).

If you think there is a problem with the courts giving custody to abusers, which they are — think again about whether there’s any realistic possibility of reforming the courts (don’t be STUPID, OK???) — to be other than they are.

The purpose of all the training is to PREVENT (not help) certain populations from putting together all the pieces, and acting intelligently on them.

Just read those 4 posts, or read the Edward Jay Epstein book, OK?  You’ll see!  Read about “Namdeb” (Namibia De Beers) and see about the forbidden area, holding back the sea to scrape for diamonds which are so plentiful that to do so, someone has to create a cartel to control supply and demand.

Figure that controlling supply, demand, production, and market (from production to sales) and persuading the people who purchased the diamonds not to sell them either (or their collective holdings would literally flood the market), how the use of industrial diamonds was a godsend — and figure out that to do any “cartel” someone has to be in control of — or retain the ability to — whether local governments (not just where Diamonds are produced, but also where they are cut, where they are distributed) — stand, or fall.

This HAS to include having people willing to sabotage others (not open competition, but strategic undercurcutting and control), and some forms of private army, or killers.   Understand that the vision IS racist (and misogynist) and is going to hurt most people, while enriching some.  This is its nature.

Then understand this when you go to consider, what am I going to do when I have to get into the courtroom, and receive the best possible ruling around — and then seek to have it enforced?   …..  You can’t!  You can’t require any district attorney or law enforcement to force the law.  For one, are they on your paycheck?  But, the best option around might be to expose as much of this truth as possible, figure out WHAT government is basically about (and what stage of the plan for eliminating undesirables after their usage has expired) and make sure that neither you, nor those you care about, have expired our usefulness.

To me, it spells boycott and report, in a way that communicates to others that failing to negotiate is going to cost something significant in either then end goal.

I think there’s enough wealth circulating around the (ruling class and their corporations) that ‘bottom line’ is now a moot point.  I think that information and boycotting is going to matter more, in the long run.

And having and operating within an economic system which is not part of the problem.  That’s not an easy situation to figure out…

Again, you cannot engage sensibly in any contest (which this is) without knowing where the other side stands (did Cecil Rhodes, Ernest, Harry, or Nicky Oppenheimer, etc.?).  It is clear they meant business, consolidated interests, and relentlessly pursued goals.  Representative government was not on the map.

Note: If you complete the 19 chapter book, above, on the history of this outfit, it’ll also show, in addition to the grand scheme being to populate the settled world and bring it (back) under a “British Commonwealth” as if the wealth would actually be held in common — that at the same time international sentiment, for example, was to boycott, say, South Africa because of its horrible apartheid — the identical parties made sure they still were not themselves boycotting anywhere the wealth was.  This is apparently where “Anglo American” (controlled by Oppenheimers, who came to control “De Beers” after its founder, Rhodes) came in.  Similar things during the wars:  When it was unpopular to be German, the company was so international, it couldn’t be pegged as German.   I think we need to see this.


In 1992, a Rhodes Scholar became and American President (Bill Clinton).  For one, this President signed 1996 “welfare reform” in part with advisement from another Rhodes Scholar.  The same President was influenced by a Georgetown Professor George Quigley also interested in and in favor of Anglo superiority (although “Anglos” so to speak, are a clear world minority; hence how would this then happen?).  There is also some evidence Clinton was cooperating with De Beers company strategy in (another matter), the sham concern about “blood diamonds.”  ( see WSJ 2000).   The entire enterprise is built on bloodshed, if not genocide.

Welfare Reform targeted and scapegoated single black mothers, incentivized, eventually, ALL males to “even the equation,” blamed (us) for poverty when in fact, the US Executive Branch HUD already was losing billions of $$ and being run, per reliable sources, as a criminal enterprise.  Our own country has been involved in — not stopping, but enabling and participating, the drug trade, and then setting up privatized prisons to lock up young (African and Latino, especially) young men who participate in it, creating a de facto slave labor population and captive audience to try this and that behavioral reform program out on, for profits.   The proper attitude of the Americans towards our government should be “show me the money!” but we have not done this, in part because we were raised to believe its speciality is providing services at cost, or close to it.  Even after being forced to bail out banks, we continue to act (as groomed) in this manner.

I think it’s time to expose how the foundations of this system have, themselves, acted, and why.  In their own words will do just fine many times — when compared of course with deeds:

Cecil Rhodes absolutely believed in racial superiority (of the British).   He lied to and betrayed a local king after getting consent to mineral rights in the land first (google “Matabele”).  He had no problem mowing the resistance down with (Maxim) machine guns, and did so from time to time, or putting this into writing.  The continent was to be dominated and exploited by the British — not the African tribes whose land it was!  They were welcome to work in the mines, etc.

Trustees do have responsibility to the terms of the trust, and although many of the trustees it’s clear were already in the same governments, and on the same boards (i.e., De Beers company, or a director of BSAC — British South Africa Charter, which Rhodes got after he began consolidating the diamond mines).  So here are some choice facts from the early years of the Rhodes Scholarships.   This is obviously not to comment on how bright are the individuals who receive these scholarships; I was also raised with high respect for Oxford University (where the scholarships send students) and Cambridge University, etc.  The British educational system was (DNK if still IS) better than the American.  Perhaps that’s no accident either, as we are to remain as a colony, or be regained as a colony, in this worldview.

However, no education is values-free; so here are some of the original values re: blacks, and women, if they have relented some, it’s for public approval, not innate change of purpose on the trust, which is primarily political:

From the Administration of the Rhodes Trust by Anthony Kenny (documenting meetings of the Trustees, and memberships, some of the issues they dealt with in the first 50 or so years).  I also put this link in a sidebar at my other blog (http://economicbrain.wordpress.com)

Page 6:

“Several issues which were to be matters of concern were already raised in these early years. What were the age limits for scholars? Commonly 19 to 24”

(i.e., the purpose was forming character and values — not working with adults who had work/life experience from which their values might already be developing in a different direction. This also pretty well assured that young men (@ 1977ff, and women) who in their early years were receiving inferior educations, or who had not yet been hand-selected by the regional “Secretaries” I guess, didn’t stand a real chance. I would be very interested to find which, if any, of past or current (recent) Rhodes Scholars were subjected to ordinary K-12 public school (ONLY) education without access to family political or professional connections (i.e., if Mom or Dad was a Congressperson, or faculty at a major university, etc.). ) …They had to either know Greek or get it by the time they hit Oxford….

“Were women to be eligible for scholarships? No. A petition from Lady Margaret Hall was turned down in 1903.” (NOTE: Rhodes’ inspiration, Ruskin, taught at a Workingman’s College founded mid-1800s by JFDW Maurice, who also founded a higher education institution for women, also. Guess the value didn’t sink in).

“Scholarships from outside the USA and the Commonwealth?” Nope. 1907, Japanese and Hawaiian scholarships were turned down. Interesting the focus on grooming leadership in the USA, which had rebelled in a War for Independence in the 1700s…. and been at war with England again in 1812; in fact, the Brits had destroyed Washington.”

“Most difficult of all was the question whether scholarships could be awarded to blacks.”…[It appeared that the primary protest to this was from American Scholars, University of North Carolina President said if black were even admitted to examination, white American scholars wouldn’t show up, and the system would collapse. Interesting a major influence on welfare reform (1996) hails from North Carolina (Ron Haskins)…”

In 1907 Alain LeRoy Locke of Philadelphia, first African-American, was accepted as a Rhodes Scholar, although several colleges at Oxford wouldn’t let him in because of race. (The next one wasn’t until ca. 1963…).

Alain Locke was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on September 13, 1885 to Pliny Ishmael Locke (1850–1892) and Mary Hawkins Locke (1853–1922). “A city hall note by the chief clerk of the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and Charities in 1909 (?) confirms the 1885 year of his birth.” [1] In 1902, he graduated from Central High School in Philadelphia, second in his class. He also attended Philadelphia School of Pedagogy.[2]

In 1907, Locke graduated from Harvard University with degrees in English and philosophy. He was the first African-American Rhodes Scholar. He formed part of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Locke was denied admission to several Oxford colleges because of his race before finally being admitted to Hertford College, where he studied literature, philosophy, Greek, and Latin, from 1907–1910. In 1910, he attended the University of Berlin, where he studied philosophy.

Locke received an assistant professorship in English at Howard University, in Washington, D.C. While at Howard University, he became a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity.

Locke returned to Harvard in 1916 to work on his doctoral dissertation, The Problem of Classification in the Theory of Value. In his thesis, he discusses the causes of opinions and social biases, and that these are not objectively true or false, and therefore not universal. Locke received his PhD in philosophy in 1918. Locke returned to Howard University as the chair of the department of philosophy, a position he held until his retirement in 1953.

Locke promoted African-American artists, writers, and musicians, encouraging them to look to Africa as an inspiration for their works. He encouraged them to depict African and African-American subjects, and to draw on their history for subject material

[Actually — at least for now — it appears that Oxford University Press (which the URL shows this document comes from) will not even allow me to print it, select any portions for pasting, or otherwise make its contents easier to read for viewers, in part or in whole. Therefore I simply recommend browsing, which will put it in better context.]. Should I overcome this technical issue (and should it originate in my end, not at “OUP.com”) I’ll try and correct it here. ]

See also:

Alain LeRoy Locke [@ Plato.Stanford.edu,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
First published Fri Mar 23, 2012
Alain LeRoy Locke is heralded as the “Father of the Harlem Renaissance” for his publication in 1925 of The New Negro—an anthology of poetry, essays, plays, music and portraiture by white and black artists. Locke is best known as a theorist, critic, and interpreter of African-American literature and art. He was also a creative and systematic philosopher who developed theories of value, pluralism and cultural relativism that informed and were reinforced by his work on aesthetics. Locke saw black aesthetics quite differently than some of the leading Negro intellectuals of his day; most notably W. E. B. Du Bois, with whom he disagreed about the appropriate social function of Negro artistic pursuits. Du Bois thought it was a role and responsibility of the Negro artist to offer a representation of the Negro and black experience which might help in the quest for social uplift. Locke criticized this as “propaganda” (AOP 12) and argued that the primary responsibility and function of the artist is to express his own individuality, and in doing that to communicate something of universal human appeal.

Locke was a distinguished scholar and educator and during his lifetime an important philosopher of race and culture. Principal among his contributions in these areas was the development of the notion of “ethnic race”, Locke’s conception of race as primarily a matter of social and cultural, rather than biological, heredity. Locke was in contemporary parlance a racial revisionist, and held the somewhat controversial and paradoxical view that it was often in the interests of groups to think and act as members of a “race” even while they consciously worked for the destruction or alteration of pernicious racial categories. Racial designations were for Locke incomprehensible apart from an understanding of the specific cultural and historical contexts in which they grew up. A great deal of Locke’s philosophical thinking and writing in the areas of pluralism, relativism and democracy are aimed at offering a more lucid understanding of cultural or racial differences and prospects for more functional methods of navigating contacts between different races and cultures.

(note: below here, same link, shows professors and contemporaries at Harvard, Berlin, and Oxford, and notes that he was fired from Harvard in 1925 for trying to get pay equity between blacks and whites. Locke was also Bahai, gay (apparently not openly) and “nndb” lists his “special friend” (about 25 yrs younger) as actually initially (1928-30) the husband of W.E. DuBois’ daughter, sexuality “bisexual,” etc. This might not seem relevant, except there’s speculation Rhodes also was, although loud posthumous protestation to the same).

It’s clear that the scholarships are producing leadership. A look at the Administration of the Trust document also shows that a number of US Congresspeople were also Rhodes Scholars; Sen. Fullbright of Arkansas being an interesting one; later the Fullbright Scholarships also were established. An early administrator of the Rhodes Trust was President of Swarthmore early on, and later, Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton, which he started:

http://www.rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk/rhodes-trust/history:  Links marked by “here” are active on the link, not in my quotes below:

… the first American Secretary to the Rhodes Trust, Frank Aydelotte (also President of Swarthmore College and director of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton – see, for example, references here and here). In the early decades of the 20th century, they and others created a Scholarship that was uniquely prestigious internationally and highly sought after, with a high quality of Rhodes Scholars, rich engagement of Scholars in the life of Oxford, and strong continuing links with Rhodes alumni.

The Rhodes Scholarships have inspired many other scholarship programs, including the Fulbright scholarships, initiated by Rhodes Scholar Senator J. William Fulbright (Arkansas & Pembroke 1925) – the first of several Rhodes Scholars elected to the U.S. Senate, and an early mentor to William J. Clinton (Arkansas & University College 1968), later President of the United States. On Fulbright, Rhodes’s vision of peace, and the Fulbright scholarships, click here and here.

{{From a Canadian September 24, 2011 [Note about 10th anniversary of 9/11] speech by a Rhodes Warden, in Ottawa:}}

Later in 1944, an Arkansas Rhodes Scholar from 1925, J. William Fulbright, was elected to the US Senate. . . .
Senator Fulbright was to become the longest-serving chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He championed U.S. involvement in the UN, and condemned what he called ‘the arrogance of power’ reflected in its Vietnam entanglement. His name is best remembered for the Fulbright awards, whose purpose is ‘to promote better understanding of the United States abroad and to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and of other countries’. Senator Fulbright wrote: 19

My experience as a Rhodes Scholar was the dominant influence in the creation of the Fulbright awards. …That experience, together with the devastation of the second world war and the existence of large uncollectable foreign {{I think he means, EDUCATION}} credits, resulted in the Bill creating the scholarships. …

The recipients of these awards may be considered as grandchildren of Cecil Rhodes, scattered throughout the world.’ …”For example, in the United States, Republican Senator Lugar is the ranking member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Susan Rice, a Democrat, is Ambassador to the United Nations. There have been and are many Rhodes Scholar diplomats and writers on international affairs…”

The first women Rhodes Scholars came to Oxford in 1977. The contributions of Rhodes women to public life in the United States, for example, are reflected here. Discussions in the Rhodes community on women’s leadership are reflected here.

Well, as I said it would be better to read “The Administration of the Rhodes Trust” in its original, and take it from there….

Written by Let's Get Honest

December 1, 2012 at 9:04 pm

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  1. […] Why Middle Class Education only Serves the Elite by Controlling the Poor… (familycourtmatters.wordpress.com) […]

    SILVIA,10-th D | YOUNG

    December 7, 2012 at 9:55 am

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Journalist specialising in the Horn of Africa and Southern Africa

Let's Get Honest! Blog: Absolutely Uncommon Analysis of Family & Conciliation Courts' Operations, Practices, & History

'A Different Kind of Attention Develops Sound Judgment' | 'Suppose I'm Right Here?...' (posted 3/23 & 3/5/2014). Over 680 posts, Public-Interest Investigative Blogging On These Matters Since 2009.

iakovos alhadeff


Red Herring Alert

There's something fishy going on!

The American Spring Network

News. by the people, for the people. The #1 source for independent investigative journalism in the Show-Me State, serving Missouri since 2011.

Family Court Injustice

Mom & Kids Need "Just Us" to Fight Family Court Injustice

The Espresso Stalinist

Wake Up to the Smell of Class Struggle ☭

Spiritual Side of Domestic Violence

Finally! The Truth About Domestic Violence and The Church

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